The Montessori Method
A Montessori classroom is usually a large open space with shelves that children can easily reach, tables and chairs that comfortably seats 1 to 4 children and other materials sized for children. Children are free to work at any table they choose and are free to work individually or in groups.
A Montessori classroom is very organized and clean in appearance. Montessori materials all have there proper place on the shelves and children are encouraged to work with one activity at a time and put it back in it’s proper place after use. Montessori education is organized into five subject areas.
Montessori Curriculum/Subject Areas
1. Practical Life
The goal of the practical life area is to improve concentration, foster independence and practice order. Common practical life activities include, pouring water, washing dishes and cutting fruits and vegetables.
Sensorial activities work on developing children’s sense of touch, sight, smell and taste. They also include things like size, shape, weight, temperature etc. Common sensorial activities include cylinder blocks and the pink tower.
Learning to read and write early is critical to your child’s development. The language area of a Montessori classroom has everything you need to develop these skills. Common language activities include learning the sounds each letter makes and using sandpaper letters to help children understand the shape and form of letters.
Starting from when the child is very young, math is introduced at a very basic level and eventually builds to more abstract concepts. Common mathematics activities include learning individual numbers and how to count them and learning the various shapes.
5. Cultural Studies
Children are taught about other cultures and learn to admire and respect those cultures. Geography, history and science are included. Common activities in the cultural studies area include identify countries and their locations on a map, having students share about their own culture and learning about various plants and animals.